About Dos Mares

Dos Mares was created in January 2013 to contribute to community education, conservation and marine research in Central America.
Dos Mares honor the Declaration on Science And The Use Of Scientific Knowledge adopted by the UNESCO - World Conference on Science, July 1, 1999 in Budapest, Hungary proclaiming: Science for knowledge and knowledge for progress; Science in society and for the society; Science for development; Science for peace.

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Dos Mares is committed to promote the sustainability of marine protected areas in Central America based on marine science knowledge, marine conservation tools and a strong green business vision.


Dos Mares aims to disseminate the importance of ocean conservation and marine science in Central America, spread marine science achievements and trends, promote lines of marine research, encourage the productive investment and creation of green business, facilitate the cooperation between scientists, technicians and businessmen, support the establishment of marine protected areas, cooperate with the sustainable fisheries initiatives and collaborate in the ocean's surveillance efforts.


Dos Mares is based in the idea that there is not sustainable development in Central America without improvement of the scientific knowledge and the productive investment efforts on their marine and terrestrial protected areas because those areas have the potential to impact positively on the economic development of each country. 


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Dos Mares aim to promote, facilitate, implement coordinate and supervise projects in Central America through three main programs: Marine Science Program, Marine Educational Program and Marine Conservation Program.

Dos Mares is expanding public knowledge through social networks as Facebook, Twitter, and Google+


Dos Mares is promoting productive investments in marine protected areas: Towards the Future that is Wanted or the Paradise that is Lost? A Vision to Share: Punta de Manabique, Guatemala.

Dos mares analyze the marine science situation in Central America in order to identify achievements, trends and gaps and guide future cooperation. Preliminary results have been published in the Dos Mares bulletin Science Matter ® 1st Edition and Science Matter ® 2nd Edition.

Dos Mares is setting-up a data base, designing a mobile application and preparing the implementation of direct support to local or regional projects of marine research and conservation.


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Carlos A. Espinosa, (Current director) Originally from Nicaragua. M.S. in Biological Oceanography, Institute of Marine Sciences and Limnology. Mexico City, Mexico. Management experience in environmental science, marine protected areas, watershed conservation and fish community ecology. Worked for several international agencies in Central America, Mexico, Puerto Rico and United States.

Michael J. (Mike) Marshall, PhD Research Director of Coastal Seas International Marine Research and Consulting. Dr. Marshall created the name Dos Mares, inspired by their multiple trips and personal consulting assignments in Central America.



Carla D. Espinosa from PLURAL a graphic-arts and design company

established Nicaragua created the actual Dos Mares's logo.


Bryan S. Way, from FIRSTLIGHTDESING a marketing company from North Carolina, USA created the slogan: "Meet in the Middle" 


Deborah Jerez-MacPherson, Geologist and Environmental Siting Specialist from Washington D.C. review concepts, activities and planning for the Pairing Student Service of Dos Mares.


Giorgio Brandolini, international consultant in social and economic development and environment. Mr. Brandolini suggested improvements to the Science Matters bulletin second edition.


Andrés Alegría, works on the development of sustainable and alternative fishing practices and in the designation of no-take zones at the Centro de Estudios Marinos (CEM), Honduras. Mr. Alegria provides technical and scientific papers to Dos Mares related with marine conservation in Honduras.


James R. (Jim) Barborak, Co-Director, Center for Protected Area Management and Training Colorado State University Warner College of

Natural Resources-HDNR. Mr. Barborak has reviewed and expressed publicly about the benefits of Dos Mares's initiative  in a big way.

Who else?

Image courtesy of Grupo Pellas, Nicaragua

In the last 150 years, there has been much marine scientific activity in Central America, that it is necessary to know, appreciate and supporting to improve the conservation of marine protected areas that have been declared in the region. The international scientific interest, the creation of the research centers in Central America and the global development organizations's support have been the driving forces leading marine scientific activity in Central America since the late eighteenth century.


At this time, 90 organizations have been identified by Dos Mares as directly or indirectly related with marine science and marine conservation activities in Central America. Of these organizations, 25 are marine research organizations which comprised 5 independent research centers and 20 university or educational research centers the rest 65 are complentary local organizations carrying out research as part of their conservation projects providing facilities and support to students and scientists. These complementary organizations are generally related to scientific tourism, academic practices in higher education, summer camps, natural resources conservation, public awareness and co-management of marine protected areas and financing. For a more detailed description of these organization and marine science tendencies in Central America please read:  Science Matter No. 1, May 2014.

Source: Dos Mares Data Base

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